Tips for newcomers on how to navigate the Canadian job application process
To get started, take a look at this video by the Toronto Region Immigrant Employment Council (TRIEC), which provides an excellent overview on employment in Canada.
Find Immigrant Services in your Area
Review this Government of Canada website to find free immigrant services in your area that include:
- Language assessments and classes
- Help finding a job
- Help with daily life such as finding a place to live and filling out forms and applications
- Information about community services such as mentoring
Preparing a Resume and Cover Letter
When applying to jobs in Canada, employers expect a resume and a cover letter; these documents form your application package, in addition to any other documents that might be requested by the employer (e.g. writing samples). Check out the links below for tips on writing your application package.
To find jobs online, visit the career pages of specific companies are interested in, and focus on job banks such as Monster, Workopolis, or InfoMine. Local or provincial mining associations might also have current job postings for your area. Some of these resources may require the creation of an account in order to view or apply to some of the postings, but in many cases, it is free to make an account.
When applying online, use a neutral email address, such as email@example.com, for example, and avoid anything that reflects your individuality or personality (e.g. firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com) as these are unprofessional.
When you have found a job posting you are qualified for, apply online through a job bank or by sending your resume and cover letter in an attachment by email to the relevant people. A best practice is to send it as a PDF to maintain formatting and layout, and to be sure the recipient is able to open the attachment successfully. Avoid sending the same, generic resume and cover letter to multiple companies as this is much less effective.
The goal of submitting a job application is to get a job interview. Depending on the company, there might be more than one interview. Sometimes the first interview happens over the phone, or all interviews could be in-person, with the same people, or a different person. Be prepared for the interview by reviewing the job posting in detail, as well as coming up with examples of how your skills and experience relate to the position. In preparation, do some research about the company and bring some questions to the interview to demonstrate your interest.